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processing of metal from iron ore

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Iron processing Britannica

Iron processing, use of a smelting process to turn the ore into a form from which products can be fashioned. Included in this article also is a discussion of the mining of iron and of its preparation for smelting. Iron (Fe) is a relatively dense metal with a silvery white appearance and distinctive

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Extracting iron and copper Extracting and using metals

Iron and aluminium are extracted from their ores in different ways because the metals have different reactivities. Metals are used for different purposes, depending on their properties.

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IRON ORE AND STEEL PRODUCTION YouTube

24/08/2016· INTRODUCTION TO MATERIALS This is the first post on materials. Iron ore and steel production. The 6-minute video explains the mining and processing of iron ore, followed by its conversion to

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Processes and Procedures in the Extraction of Iron

The extraction of iron from its ores is quite a technical process. The iron ore is first roasted in air to produce iron(III) oxide which is mixed with coke and limestone and then further heated to a very high temperature in a blast furnace. These materials are loaded into the blast furnace from the top while a blast of hot air is introduced into it from beneath via small pipes known as tuyeres.

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Extracting iron and copper Obtaining and using metals

The reactivity series shows metals in order of reactivity. The reactivity of a metal can be worked out by studying its reactions. Iron and aluminium are extracted from their ores in different ways.

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Ways to Separate Metal From Ore Sciencing

The process of separating a metal from its ore is known as smelting. Smelting is widely practiced today and has a long history dating back to the Bronze Age, when ancient peoples first learned the technique. Smelting methods range from the basic to the high-tech, and are applied to a variety of materials, including aluminum, iron and copper.

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Iron processing The metal Britannica

Iron processing Iron processing The metal: Most blast furnaces are linked to a basic oxygen steel plant, for which the hot metal typically contains 4 to 4.5 percent carbon, 0.6 to 0.8 percent silicon, 0.03 percent sulfur, 0.7 to 0.8 percent manganese, and 0.15 percent phosphorus. Tapping temperatures are in the range 1,400° to 1,500° C (2,550° to 2,700° F); to save energy, the hot

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Iron ore Wikipedia

Iron ore is the raw material used to make pig iron, which is one of the main raw materials to make steel—98% of the mined iron ore is used to make steel. In 2011 the Financial Times has speculated that iron ore is "more integral to the global economy than any other commodity, except perhaps oil ".

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Processes and Procedures in the Extraction of Iron

The extraction of iron from its ores is quite a technical process. The iron ore is first roasted in air to produce iron(III) oxide which is mixed with coke and limestone and then further heated to a very high temperature in a blast furnace. These materials are loaded into the blast furnace from the top while a blast of hot air is introduced into it from beneath via small pipes known as tuyeres.

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Iron ore Wikipedia

Iron ore is the raw material used to make pig iron, which is one of the main raw materials to make steel—98% of the mined iron ore is used to make steel. In 2011 the Financial Times has speculated that iron ore is "more integral to the global economy than any other commodity, except perhaps oil ".

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Ore processing and metal extraction

ORE PROCESSING INTRODUCTION. In early days, copper was extracted from ore by smelting with charcoal. In the earliest period, it is likely that only rich malachite and azurite ores were used. With this type of ore, there would be little slag left and the process

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Steelmaking Wikipedia

In HIsarna ironmaking process, iron ore is processed almost directly into liquid iron or hot metal. The process is based around a type of blast furnace called a cyclone converter furnace, which makes it possible to skip the process of manufacturing pig iron pellets that is necessary for the basic oxygen steelmaking process.

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Copper Mining and Extraction Sulfide Ores

Stage 3: Roasting At this stage of the process, the stone reactions begin. They convert the copper minerals into copper metal. We can illustrate the types of process using the example of chalcopyrite CuFeS 2.From the formula, it is clear that iron and sulfur have to be removed in order to produce copper.

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HowStuffWorks Ore to Steel YouTube

14/04/2009· Published on Apr 14, 2009. Turning low grade iron ore into the most used metal in the world is no easy task. Learn how this hot process works on Discovery Channel's "HowStuffWorks" show. Watch

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The Extraction of Iron Chemistry LibreTexts

This page looks at the use of the Blast Furnace in the extraction of iron from iron ore, and the conversion of the raw iron from the furnace into various kinds of steel. The common ores of iron are both iron oxides, and these can be reduced to iron by heating them with carbon in the form of coke. Coke is produced by heating coal in the absence

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Base Metal and Iron Ore Mining

burden (waste-to-ore) ratio for surface mining of metal ores generally ranges from 2:1 to 8:1, de-pending on local conditions. The ratio for solid wastes from underground mining is typically 0.2:1. Where concentration or other processing of the ore is done on site, the tailings generated also have to be managed. Ores with a low metal con-

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How iron is made material, manufacture, making, history

Iron ore is converted into various types of iron through several processes. The most common process is the use of a blast furnace to produce pig iron which is about 92-94% iron and 3-5% carbon with smaller amounts of other elements. Pig iron has only limited uses, and most of this iron goes on to a steel mill where it is converted into

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Copper Mining and Processing: Processing of Copper

B. Processing of Sulfide Ore Sulfide ores are generally processed using pyrometallurgy,the extraction and purification of metals by processes involving the application of heat. This process uses a series of physical steps and high temperatures to extract and purify copper from copper sulfide ores, in four basic steps: 1) froth flotation, 2) thickening, 3) smelting, and 4) electrolysis.

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